Many student are usually confused between graduate and undergraduate study programs and as a result don’t know the one to go for. In this article, we are going to consider the differences between graduate and undergraduate programs and provide you with the average tuition fees for study level in US, Canada and European universities. Let’s start with undergraduate study.
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Undergraduate education is a type of education that takes place after secondary school and before postgraduate education. It usually refers to all postsecondary programs leading to a bachelor’s degree. In the United States, for example, an undergraduate student is referred to as an undergraduate, while graduate students are referred to as graduate students.
Undergraduate education is postsecondary education up to the level of a master’s degree in certain other educational systems; this is the case for some scientific degrees in the United Kingdom and some medicine courses in Europe.
Undergraduate Education In USA
Undergraduate refers to a student pursuing a bachelor’s degree in the United States. Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB) and Bachelor of Science (BS or SB) are the most common bachelor’s degrees, but others include Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA), Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA), Bachelor of Music (BM), Bachelor of Social Work (BSW), Bachelor of Engineering (BE), Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN), and Bachelor of Architecture (BArch).
Degrees in law and medicine, unlike the British model, are not offered at the undergraduate level and must be completed after getting a bachelor’s degree. Although medical schools require a set of courses to be taken before entrance, neither field prescribes or prefers any undergraduate major.
Undergraduate Education In India
After the United States and China, India has the world’s third largest higher education system. The University Grants Commission is the major regulating organization at the tertiary level, and it enforces its standards, advises the government, and helps coordinate between the center and the states. The University Grants Commission oversees accreditation for higher education through 15 independent institutions (UGC).
The Indian education system is divided into two categories: undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG). An undergraduate degree takes three to four years to finish. The three-year undergraduate programs are primarily in the subjects of arts, commerce, science, and mathematics, while the four-year programs are primarily in the domains of technology, engineering, pharmaceutical sciences, agriculture, and other related fields.
Medicine, law, and architecture, on the other hand, have had a five-year waiting time. The holder of the first UG degree is referred to as a graduate, whereas the holder of the PG degree is referred to as a post-graduate. There are a variety of 1 to 2 year diploma degrees offered in addition to UG and PG.
Postgraduate education consists of learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor’s degree is usually required, and it is usually considered part of higher education. This level is commonly referred to as graduate school in North America.
Hierarchy Of Graduate Degrees
These are sometimes arranged in a hierarchy, beginning with master’s degrees in the arts and sciences, then master’s degrees in philosophy, and finally master’s degrees in letters (all formerly known in France as DEA or DESS before 2005, and nowadays Masters too). Master’s degrees in the United Kingdom can be taught or earned through research: The Master of Science and Master of Arts degrees are taught master’s degrees that last one year and are worth 180 CATS credits (equivalent to 90 ECTS European credits), whereas the Master of Research degree (M.Res.) is a research master’s degree that lasts one year and is worth 180 CATS or 90 ECTS credits (the difference compared to the Master of Science and Master of Arts degrees).
The Master of Philosophy degree is typically a research or higher master’s degree in Scottish universities, whereas the Master of Letters degree is typically a teaching or lower master’s degree. A master’s degree is the final degree in many areas in North America, such as clinical social work and library science. Professional degrees, such as the Master of Architecture (M.Arch. ), can take up to three and a half years to complete in order to meet the professional criteria for becoming an architect. Professional degrees, such as the Master of Company Administration (M.B.A. ), might take up to two years to complete in order to meet the requirements for becoming a skilled business leader.
Academic and professional doctorates are usually divided into the following types: A Doctor of Philosophy degree (from Latin Doctor philosophi; Ph.D. or D.Phil.) or a Doctor of Science degree (from Latin Doctor scienti; D.Sc.) are two types of academic doctorates. A Doctor of Science in Mathematics degree (from Latin Doctor scientiarum mathematicarum; D.Sc.Math. ), a Doctor of Agricultural Science degree (from Latin Doctor scientiarum agrariarum; D.Sc.Agr. ), a Doctor of Business Administration degree (D.B.A. ), and so on are all examples of Doctor of Science degrees.
Doctorates are separated into two categories in various regions of Europe: “junior doctorates,” such as the Doctor of Philosophy, and “upper doctorates,” such as the Doctor of Science, which is conferred to very prominent professors. In most fields, a doctorate is the highest level of education.
There is minimal difference between a Doctor of Philosophy and a Doctor of Science degree in the United States. Doctor of Philosophy degrees in the United Kingdom are frequently equivalent to 540 CATS credits or 270 ECTS European credits, but this is not always the case because doctoral degree credit structures are not officially defined.
There’s a general admission requirements to study for either a graduate or undergraduate programs. Let’s now look at the requirements most universities need for one to be admitted.
Undergraduate Study Requirements
Many university requires that applicants for undergraduate programs should be holders of a high school/secondary school certificate that allows the individual to enroll for a higher education in his/her home country. In addition to this, some countries like UK, US etc will require A’level certificates like SAT, ACT, Cambridge etc. Ensure that you confirm the requirements from the school before you send your application to them.
Graduate Study Requirements
If you are applying for a graduate study program, let’s say a masters program for instance, most universities will expect that you have a good Bsc Certificate and transcripts showing all the courses you did in school. Depending on the program, extra documents like GMAT, Gre may be needed for admission. For PhD programs, a good masters degree result with transcripts and research proposal is usually required for admission.
Graduate and Undergraduate Tuition Fees
Tuition fees charged for graduate and undergraduate programs varies depending on the school and and the programs. In European countries like Sweden and Denmark expect to pay between 9000 to 15,000 Euro per year for both undergraduate and graduate programs. In USA, most universities charges between $15,000 to $30,000, Canada, between Cad$8000 to Cad$20,000, Australia, between AUD$20,000 to AUD$35,000, Newzealand, between NZ$15,000 to NZ$25,000, Germany and Norway don’t charge tuition fees in their public universities.
What are the 4 types of degrees?
For postsecondary students, there are four major categories of degrees available. Associate, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate degrees are the four types of college degrees, in order of difficulty. Depending on the degree level and subject of study, earning one of these degrees can take anywhere from two to eight years.
Is postgraduate diploma and masters the same?
Although at the same academic level as a master’s degree, a postgraduate diploma is a shorter certificate. A master’s degree has 180 credits (acquired from exams, assignments, and other sources), whereas a postgraduate diploma has 120 credits.
Can you do a masters without bachelor’s degree?
It is certainly feasible to obtain a master’s degree without having completed a bachelor’s degree. However, it is uncommon, and most universities require you to first obtain a bachelor’s degree. There are colleges that offer programs that do not require an undergraduate degree.
This is how far we want to go on this article; Graduate And Undergraduate: The Key Differences. Hope you’ve been able to see the differences between these two study levels.